Release Instructions

Release Instructions

This page describes the steps for cutting a new open source release.


Our versioning strategy is based on Semantic Versioning.

Major Release (vX)

A new major release is needed when the public API changes in a backward-incompatible way -- for example, when removing deprecated interfaces.

Our public API includes (but is not limited to):

  • The VTGate RPC interfaces.
  • The interfaces exposed by the VTGate client library in each language.

Care must also be taken when changing the format of any data stored by a live system, such as topology data or Vitess-internal tables (used for sequences, distributed transactions, etc.). Although this data is considered internal to Vitess, if any change breaks the upgrade path for a live system (for example, requiring that it be shut down and reinitialized from scratch), then it must be considered a breaking change.

Minor Release (vX.Y)

A new minor release indicates that functionality has been added or changed in a backward-compatible way. This should be the majority of normal releases.

Patch Release (vX.Y.Z)

A patch release indicates that only a select set of bugfixes have been cherrypicked onto the associated minor release. The expectation is that upgrading by a patch release should be painless (not requiring any config changes) and safe (isolated from active development on master).

Pre-Release Labels (vX.Y.Z-label.N)

Pre-release versions should be labeled with a suffix like -beta.2 or -rc.1. The dot before the number is important for correct determination of version precedence.


GitHub Milestones are hotlists for Issues and Pull Requests.

When it's time to start planning a new Vitess release, create a milestone for it and tag the following items under it:

  • Issues that are release-blockers for that milestone.
  • For major/minor releases:
    • Pull Requests that must be merged before cutting that milestone. This makes it clear what we're waiting for.
  • For patch releases:
    • Pull Requests that should be cherrypicked into the release branch for that milestone. Any other PRs will be ignored and must wait for the next minor release.

Release Branches

Each minor release level (X.Y) should have a release branch named release-X.Y. This branch should diverge from master when the code freeze for that release is declared, after which point only bugfix PRs should be cherrypicked onto the branch. All other activity on master will go out with a subsequent minor release.

git checkout master
git pull --ff-only upstream master

git checkout -b release-X.Y
git push upstream release-X.Y

The branches are named release-X.Y to distinguish them from point-in-time tags, which are named vX.Y.Z.

Release Tags

While the release branch is a moving target, release tags mark point-in-time snapshots of the repository. Essentially, a tag assigns a human-readable name to a specific Git commit hash. Although it's technically possible to reassign a tag name to a different hash, we must never do this.

Since a tag represents a particular point in time, only patch releases (X.Y.Z) have tags. These should be defined as annotated tags from the associated release branch, after all cherrypicks have been applied and tested.

git checkout release-X.Y
git pull --ff-only upstream release-X.Y

git cherry-pick <commit> ...

git tag -a vX.Y.Z

Note that this only creates the tag in your local Git repository. Pushing the tag up to GitHub will be the last step, because it is the point of no return. That's because if someone has already fetched the tag, they will not get updated if you change the tag. Therefore, if you need to tag a different commit after pushing to upstream, you must increment the version number and create a new tag (i.e. a new release).

Docker Images

Note: You'll require an account on Docker Hub to execute the docker push command.

# Rebuild all dependent images locally. Full chain: common->mysql57->base->lite.
make docker_bootstrap DOCKER_IMAGES="common mysql57"
make docker_base

make docker_lite
make docker_guestbook


# Tag the new PATCH version.
docker tag vitess/lite vitess/lite:$PATCH
docker tag vitess/guestbook vitess/guestbook:$PATCH

# NOTE: Skip these two steps for pre-releases (e.g. alpha.1, rc.1 releases).
# Update the MINOR Docker tag to point to the latest PATCH version.
docker tag -f vitess/lite vitess/lite:$MINOR
docker tag -f vitess/guestbook vitess/guestbook:$MINOR

# Push the tags and images to Docker Hub.
docker push vitess/lite:$PATCH
docker push vitess/lite:latest
docker push vitess/guestbook:$PATCH
docker push vitess/guestbook:latest
# NOTE: Skip the next two steps for pre-releases (e.g. alpha.1, rc.1 releases).
docker push vitess/lite:$MINOR
docker push vitess/guestbook:$MINOR

Note that you do not push the base image you built. That gets built automatically by Docker Hub when you push the branch.

After pushing the Docker images, you have to make sure that our tutorials still work with them.


Local Tutorial

We must check that the local startup tutorial is not broken.

Instead of going through the steps manually, run the local_example test which should have the same commands as the tutorial. You can use our test.go test runner to run the test for all MySQL flavors. -parallel=2 will run two tests in parallel to shorten the test duration.

./test.go -flavor=all -pull=false -parallel=2 local_example

Kubernetes Tutorial

Follow the Kubernetes tutorial, which will automatically use the latest Docker images you pushed.

TODO(mberlin): Describe how to launch our new cluster tests in test/cluster instead.

Java Packages

We publish binary packages for our JDBC driver and Java client on Maven Central.

To do so, we use the repository. New packages must be uploaded there ("deployed") and will be automatically published ("released"). Once they are released there, they will be automatically synchronized with Maven Central. The synchronization takes only several minutes but the update on may take up to two hours.

Access to

Sign up here. Then you must be added as member to our io.vitess namespace. Therefore, file a JIRA ticket with Sonatype to get added (example for a different namespace).

One-time setup

Set up GPG

Follow Sonatype's GPG instructions.

Install gpg-agent (needed below) e.g. on Ubuntu via: sudo apt-get install gnupg-agent

Login configuration

Create the settings.xml in the $HOME/.m2/ directory as described in their instructions.

Deploy & Release

  1. Make sure you are in the release branch.

  2. Change the version number in all pom.xml files with the "versions" plugin:

    # The Java version must not have the leading "v".
    # Example: 2.1.0 and not v2.1.0.
    # Use Bash substitution to remove the leading "v".
    cd java
    mvn versions:set -DnewVersion=$JAVA_VERSION
  3. Run git diff java/ to double check that the version was updated correctly.

  4. Create a Git commit with the version change while you are in the release branch (not master). You will push it later.

  5. Run gpg-agent to avoid that Maven will constantly prompt you for the password of your private key.

    eval $(gpg-agent --daemon --no-grab --write-env-file $HOME/.gpg-agent-info)
    export GPG_TTY=$(tty)
    export GPG_AGENT_INFO
  6. Deploy (upload) the Java code to the repository:

    Warning: After the deployment, the Java packages will be automatically released. Once released, you cannot delete them. The only option is to upload a newer version (e.g. increment the patch level).

    mvn clean deploy -P release
    cd ..

At the end of the release, you will also have to bump the SNAPSHOT version in the master branch (see below).

Push the release branch and tag to upstream

Note that we're pushing to upstream (vitessio/vitess), not origin (your fork).

Warning: After the following push, there's no going back, since tags don't get updated if someone else has fetched them already. If you need to re-tag after this point, you MUST increment the version number.

# release branch
git push upstream release-X.Y
# release tag
git push upstream vX.Y.Z

Add release notes and send announcement

Find your new tag and add release notes. Use the GitHub Compare tool to see all the commits since the last release.

Then send an announcement on the vitess-announce list.

Bump Java SNAPSHOT version

The Java version in the master branch has the suffix -SNAPSHOT and should always reference the next release number. For example, if you just released 2.1.0, you could bump it to 2.1.1-SNAPSHOT.

Change the SNAPSHOT version as follows:

git checkout master
git pull --ff-only upstream master

# Example:
# (Note that there is no leading "v".)
cd java
mvn versions:set -DnewVersion=$JAVA_VERSION

# Verify diff.
git diff

git commit -a -m "java: Bump SNAPSHOT version to $JAVA_VERSION after Vitess release $PATCH."

git push upstream master