VTTablet with RBR mode

Updating parameters without restarting a process

Summary #

The deprecation of SBR will result in a fundamental change in how vttablet works. The most significant one is that vttablet does not need to compute which rows will be affected by a DML. Dropping this requirement allows us to rethink the implementation of its various features. Some of these changes will not be fully backward compatible. Here are the details:

Pass-through DMLs #

Most DMLs can be just passed through.

There is, however, one valuable feature that we want to preserve: the ability to limit the number of rows a DML affects. In SBR mode, this was achieved as a side-effect of the fact that we had to run a “subquery” to identify all affected rows, which allowed us to count them and return an error if they exceeded the limit. We lose this ability in pass-through mode.

Instead of continuing to issue the subquery, the new proposal is to add a LIMIT clause to the DML itself. Then, if “RowsAffected” was greater than the limit, we return an error. The one downside of this implementation is that such a failure will leave the DML partially executed. This means that vttablet will have to force a rollback of the transaction. In most use cases, the application is expected to rollback the transaction on such an error. Therefore, this sounds like a reasonable trade-off for the level of simplicity achieved. There is also the added benefit of avoiding the extra roundtrip for the subquery.

This change has a subtle interaction with the “found rows” flag, which reports affected rows differently. This just means that users of this flag may have to set their limits differently.

The explicit pass-through mode flag queryserver-config-passthrough-dmls will continue to behave as is. In the new context, its meaning will change to: “do not limit affected rows”.

We believe that inserts of a large number of rows are usually intentional. Therefore, limits will only be applied to updates and deletes.

Autocommits #

With most DMLs being pass-through, we can now resurrect autocommit behavior in vttablet. This means that a transactionless DML can be treated as autocommit. In the case where a limit has to be enforced, vttablet can open a transaction, and then rollback if the limit is exceeded.

Sequences #

Sequences will continue their existing behavior: normal statements will continue to be sent to mysql. If a select next... is received, the sequence specific functionality will be triggered.

Messages #

Messages are undergoing a significant overhaul as seen in #5913. Tracking of row changes has been changed to use VStreamer, which allows for any DML to be executed on those tables. Inserts remain an exception because columns like time_created and time_scheduled have to be populated by vttablet in order to maintain backward compatibility.

Plan IDs #

Most plan ids were specific to SBR. After the refactor, the total number of plans will be greatly reduced, and we’ll likely generate a new set of ids.

Schema #

These changes greatly reduce our dependence on the schema. We only need to know the following info from a table:

  • Field info
  • PK columns
  • Table comments

VTTablet also gathered table statistics from information schema. However, we don’t think anyone is using them. So, it may be better to stop reporting them. If anyone still needs them, please speak up now.